Weaving is a process of textile production in which two discrete sets of yarns or threads are intertwined at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. Weaving yarn is used in loom weaving and tends to be more long-lasting than knitting yarn. Weavers typically use for weaving rugs and tapestries rather than garments because it is more solid and not as soft as knitting yarn. Traditionally, this yarn was made of animal fur or wool, but modern yarn can also be made of cotton, synthetic fibers, and blends.
Someone who makes garments (or fabrics) by intertwining yarn or thread or someone who does work (as sewing or embroidery) with a needle are called Knitters and Needleworkers respectively. It is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric. Knitting may be done by hands or machines. The motto is generally to have an item (garments) that hangs and moves with the person wearing and stretches to fit correctly in some areas. Sometimes it causes a rug to deteriorate faster.
Weaving yarn is generally made to be less stretchy than knitting yarn. Most often, weaving yarn will come in cones or spools that are larger than knitting yarn. It is more durable and also faster than knitting. There are mainly three types of weaving popular in the textile industry i.e. Plain, Twill, and Satin.
It is the most basic weave. The warp and weft are aligned in such a way that they form a simple criss-cross pattern. Each weft thread spans the warp yarns by going alternately, first over one warp, then under the next, and so on. It is also known as “one-up-one-down weave” or “over and under pattern”. “Basketweave” is a type of plain weave.
It has a pattern of diagonal parallel ribs. Twill has different front and back sides which are called “technical face” and “technical back”. The technical face is used for the visible side. It is more enduring and more charming. Chino, denim, drill, gabardine, serge, and tweed are examples of twill weave.
It has a glossy surface. In this process, warp goes over much more wefts than in twill. Its surface is very soft. Silk, nylon, polyester are used as fibers in this weaving. Satin is used for bed sheets and in apparel for satin baseball jackets, athletic shorts, women’s lingerie, nightgowns, blouses, evening gowns, men’s boxer shorts, shirts, and neckties. Types of satin are baronet or baronette, charmeuse, double-faced satin, duchess(e) satin, faconne, farmer’s satin, or venetian cloth, gattar, messaline, polysatin or poly-satin, slipper satin, sultan, and surf satin.