Matka Shibori
Wax-resist dyeing technique is called Batik. It is originated from Java island, Indonesia. But it is very ancient process. It already existed in Egypt in 4th century BC. It was used to wrap mummies. The technique was also practised in Asia also.
The flow of this process set the path from China to Indonesia and then India. In this process, the selection of the cloth for the batik print is very
much important to make the fabric well featured. The natural materials
like silk and cotton are used for the batik print. Because these fabrics have the capacity to absorb the wax applied in the batik process. The thread count also holds the higher priority for the application of this process unless the fabric will be starched. 
Most commonly, paraffin wax and beewax are used in the batik process. Though there are lots of other wax elements. Perfect temperature, accurate chemical solution of beewax and paraffin wax, sklilled use of resin, dye bath etc are used in the batik technique. Proper care is also taken in each and every step.   
Batik is very popular as hand and crafts in India. In the sixties, this industry was established in India by few organizations. Its popularity is the same till the mid-sixties! At present, the demand for Batik industry in West Bengal is at the top.Rabindranath Tagore attracted the  attention of the Bengalees to this industry at the end of the British rule.